Installing Libxml2 on Ubuntu Linux

This short tutorial shows you how to install libxml2 on Ubuntu Linux Server. The process is very simple. For this tutorial, I'll be installing libxml2 version 2.6.29. Note: Do not use versions older than 2.5.10. Linux kernel is 2.6.15-26-powerpc. I have used a Mac Mini (powerpc/ppc architecture). GCC version number is 4.0.3. Your configuration may be different from mine but the installation steps below should work fine for most configurations with little or no change at all (including other Linux distributions and even unixes e.g. MacOS X).

Libxml:

According to xmlsoft.org,

"Libxml2 is the XML C parser and toolkit developed for the Gnome project (but usable outside of the Gnome platform), it is free software available under the MIT License. XML itself is a metalanguage to design markup languages, i.e. text language where semantic and structure are added to the content using extra "markup" information enclosed between angle brackets. HTML is the most well-known markup language. Though the library is written in C a variety of language bindings make it available in other environments."

Before starting, please check to see if there is a latest version available to download. Visit ftp://xmlsoft.org/libxml2/ to find out about the available versions. IMPORTANT: See Configuring Ubuntu Linux After Installation to install the development tools required to compile and install libxml2 from source code.

Steps to download, compile, and install are as follows. Note: Replace 2.6.29 with your version number:

  • Downloading Libxml2:

    Run the command below,

    wget ftp://xmlsoft.org/libxml2/libxml2-sources-2.6.29.tar.gz

  • Extracting files from the downloaded package:

    tar -xvzf libxml2-sources-2.6.29.tar.gz

    Now, enter the directory where the package is extracted.

    cd libxml2-2.6.29

  • Configuring Libxml2 Library:

    ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libxml2

    Replace "/usr/local/libxml2" above with the directory path where you want to copy the files and folders. Note: check for any error message.
  • Compiling Libxml2:

    make

    Note: check for any error message.

  • Installing Libxml2:

    As root (for privileges on destination directory), run the following.

    With sudo,

    sudo make install

    Without sudo,

    make install

    Note: check for any error messages.

Thats it. Library has bee successfully installed.

Please feel free to use the comments form below if you have any questions or need more explanation on anything. I recommend thoroughy testing on a production-like test system first before moving to production. Use the icons below to share this tutorial with your friends.

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Comments (write a comment):

Thank you. That was neat! Posted by: Balaji on Nov 17, 2010

Hi,I am trying to install libxml2-2.9.1 in Ubuntu 10.10 on a Virtual Machine using vmWare player.I followed the steps given above.The steps till configuration are working, but after executing make command I am getting the following errors.
libxml.c:14: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
compilation terminated.
make[4]: *** [libxml.lo] Error 1
make[4]: Leaving directory `/home/abhijit/Documents/libxml2-2.9.1/python'
make[3]: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
make[3]: Leaving directory `/home/abhijit/Documents/libxml2-2.9.1/python'
make[2]: *** [all] Error 2
make[2]: Leaving directory `/home/abhijit/Documents/libxml2-2.9.1/python'
make[1]: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
make[1]: Leaving directory `/home/abhijit/Documents/libxml2-2.9.1'
make: *** [all] Error 2
I also tried the steps given in http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/view/svn/general/libxml2.html .I am still getting the same error after configuration. Plz help Posted by: Abhi on Jun 27, 2013

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